Self-Actualization


Hierarchy of NeedsDr. Abraham Maslow invented the “hierarchy of needs” by studying happy people. My friend told me about him yesterday and I was googling “self-actualization”..this is very true and interesting so I wanted to share with you guys today. He studied people who are actually content with their lives and he called this level of happiness and satisfaction “self-actualization”. He said that all of us want to be happy and satisfied with our lives but we have to meet fundamental needs such as food, water and shelter before we can move onto the next level of happiness. According to his theory, there are five stages of needs which make us happy. If we don’t have the money to buy food, we can’t worry about having meaningful friendships, marriage and finding purposes in our lives https://www.nettcasinos.org/spilleautomater-på-nett. Money can us the fundamental needs to survive with money (supposed we are healthy) and we won’t have to worry about bills, rent etc..but money alone cannot take us to the level of “self-actualization”. He says few people actually reach to this level. People who are self-actualized are not necessarily rich and famous, in fact there are many rich and famous people who are still stuck in meeting very basic needs. Many people assume money can take us to that place. Probably many of us spend our entire lives seeking that level of satisfaction..and that is why some people turn to religions.

自己実現理論とは、アメリカ合衆国の心理学者、アブラハムマズローが、「人間は自己実現に向かって絶えず成長する生き物である」と仮定し、人間の欲求を5段階の階層で理論化したものである。また、これは、「マズローの欲求段階説」とも称される(wikipedia)
この理論を使って考えると、有名人やお金持ちの人が必ずしも幸せではない事が分かる。お金はあった方がないよりはいいけど、お金があればある程幸せに繋がると言う保証はないのだ。お金があれば、生きて行く為に必要な食費、家賃等を心配する必要がないが、生活して行くのに困らない程のお金を毎月稼いでいたとしても、幸せになれる訳ではないのだ。その点を理解しないで、地位や名誉にしがみついている人は不幸な人である。
マズローの理論によると、生きていくだけのお金があり、健康で他に生活して行く上で心配しなくていいと確認できた後に人とのつながりを求めたり、最終的には人生の意味等を追求する余裕ができるのだ。そこでやっと人間は幸せを感じる事ができる。しかし、その最終的な欲求をすべて充たして幸せな人はあまりいない。

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